The 28 Guardsmen’s Memorial in Dubosekovo

Video of the Memorial.

Anastasis at Twitter: https://twitter.com/archmag
Anastasis at VK.com: https://vk.com/kenchiku
Anastasis at Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/anastasis.me
Podcast by Anastasis: http://feeds.feedburner.com/archicast

The battles of World War 2, which spread all over Europe, Asia, Africa and even America got its first turning point in Dubosekovo village, about 100 kilometers from Moscow.

The inscription on the stone board says: „Defending Moscow during the severe November days of 1941, here on this frontier in crucial fight against the Nazi invaders, the 28 Panfilov’s heroes stood to death and won“.

The monument was made by:
Builder: S. P. Khadjibaronov.
Skulptor: N. S. Lyubimov, A. G. Postol, V. A. Fedorov.
Architect: V. N. Datyuk, Y. G. Krivuschenko, I. I. Stepanov.
Date of erection: 6th May 1975.

The 28 Guardsmen's Memorial in Dubosekovo. Photo by Ivan Matveev.

The 28 Guardsmen’s Memorial in Dubosekovo. Photo by Ivan Matveev.

The number of 28 people (which actually existed, of course) should be considered rather symbolic, because during that days there used to be examples of mass heroism by soldiers of the Red Army near that line. The aim was to hold the Nazis’ troops until the Red Army’s 1st, 20th and 10th armies were prepared.

For five days of offensive (16–20th of November), the German tank and infantry divisions advanced east of Volokolamsk for 15–25 kilometers. This rate of advance, from 3 to 5 km per day, is quite low even for infantry. German mobile compounds failed to enter the operating room in the early days of its November offensive. In fact, the main aim of the West front armies was to hold on until the Red Army’s 1st, 20th and 10th armies were prepared. — Исаев А. В “Круг пятый. Последний дюйм // Котлы 41-го. История ВОВ, которую мы не знали” (A. Isaev, “5th circle. The last inch // Pockets (kettles) of the ‘41. The history of WWII we didn’t know”.)

Despite heavy losses and forced retreats, the 8th Guards Division did not flee, and continued to fight. Near the Kryukovo village the division’s soldiers, together with other Soviet units, stopped the Germans, and then went on to counter-attack.

All units of the 1075 regiment and the whole division displayed mass heroism. The following soldiers and officers who showed personal courage and heroism in battles with superior German units on November 16-18, 1941 are known:

On November 16, 15 fighters led by the Political Instructor of the 6th company of the 1075th Infantry Regiment, PB Vikhrev, near the village of Petelino, destroyed five enemy tanks. All the soldiers were killed, the political instructor shot himself, in order not to be captured;

On November 17, 120 fighters of the 1st shooting company of Lieutenant E. E. Filimonov [31] near Matryonino station repulsed the attack of the German infantry battalion with the support of 2 tanks. Then the Panfilovites left Matryonino, and after the Germans occupied the village, they went into a counterattack and knocked out the enemy, eliminating about 300 people.

On November 17, 80 riflemen of the 2nd infantry company under the command of Lieutenant S. I. Kraev and political instructor Akhtan Khasanov displayed mass heroism. At the elevation 231.5 they were surrounded by enemy forces numbering up to 400 infantrymen with the support of 8 tanks; Soviet soldiers went into a counterattack and broke through the ring of encirclement without anti-tank weapons, while they eliminated 200 soldiers and officers according to Soviet data, shot down 3 tanks, captured 3 machine-guns and one car.

On November 16, a group of 20 shooters led by a Junior Lieutenant M. Islamkulov and Lieutenant Ogureyev repulsed the attack of a battalion of German submachine gunners near the village of Kadro, breaking through the line of defense of the 1075th regiment and leaving behind the 2nd battalion of the neighboring 1073 rifle regiment;

On November 17, 17 fighters of the 1073rd Infantry Regiment, under the command of Lieutenant V. G. Ugryumov and younger political instructor A. N. Georgiev met a group of German tanks near the village of Mykanino with grenades. Only two people survived out of 17; According to Soviet sources, enemy lost up to eight tanks pitted;

On November 18, 11 sappers from the 1077th Infantry Regiment led by Junior Lieutenant P. I. Firstov and Junior Political Instructor A. M. Pavlov near the Strokovo village detained the attacks of a battalion of German infantry and tanks for several hours, ensuring the withdrawal of the regiment. In July 1942, all the sappers were posthumously represented to the title of Hero of the Soviet Union, but were awarded the Order of Lenin;

90 riflemen under the command of Lieutenant Tankov near the Goryuny village showed mass heroism.

The Memorial consists of six monumental sculptures 10 meters tall, symbolizing warriors of six nationalities, who fought in the 8th Guards Motor Rifle Division.

The complex is divided in three parts. In front, there is a sculpture of a Political Instructor peering out of hand, called “Forward looking”.

In the distance, there are two sculptures of fighters clutching anti-tank grenades in their hands. In the center, there is the composition “Oath of allegiance to the Motherland”, which consists of three sculptures of soldiers with faces full of determination.

A wide band of concrete slabs is built in front of the sculptural group, symbolizing the defensive line, which the German troops did not pass. One end of the strip rests on a granite wall with description of the tragic events, and in the ritual square, lined with concrete slabs. There is a pillbox-museum with an observation platform on it.

There is a platform with a red granite star for laying wreaths between the concrete strip and the sculptural group.

150 meters away from the sculptural group lays another granite block insigned: «November 16th 1941 ON THIS PLACE fought the 28 Panfilov heroes defending Moscow. The glorious sons of our people blocked 50 fascist tanks. On behalf of the heart, on behalf of life we repeat — ETERNAL GLORY TO HEROES!»